Take a Closer Look at Costume
Cut and construction
(See also Taking a Pattern)
Museums often collect items because of their cut and construction in order to set up a historical dress gallery.
Cutting is usually considered to be the main technological area of tailoring.
The cutting can tell us about the level of fashion, the view of fashion – the interpretation of fashion, where a garment is made, local / regional variations, dating, the manufacturing process of tailoring technology and its development / change. Cutting method and construction may reveal who made the garment. New parts in old garments, e.g. in corsets, is a sign of economical thinking.
During the 1700s the wardrobe was divided into linen garments and tailored garments. Fashionable outerwear dress belonged to the latter and were manufactured by educated, specialized craftsmen or craftswomen. Clothes of better quality were made to order. Only exceptionally was fashionable dress homemade. Tailoring consisted mainly of cutting the parts of a garment and joining them. In contemporary sources the cutting is pointed out as the most demanding and characterizing moment for the tailor. The cutter must also have good knowledge about the different materials used.