Knitting creates a fabric by intertwining consecutive rows of loops (stiches) either by hand or by machine. They are increasingly important as they offer more elasticity than woven fabrics


Weft-knitted fabric


Knitting with one running thread producing one mesh after another is the traditional type of knitting, which may be made by hand as well as by machine.

The most common pattern is the stocking stich, knitting on the right side and purling on the other one. If you knit in the round it is only knit stiches.

III 1.11 single jersey 2 Single jersey is the simplest knit
 III 1.25 Norway pattern  Norway pattern with floating threads is weft knitted
 III 1.20 Interlock-a Interlock has a more complicated structure and shows two right sides. The threads change constantly from the front to the back side.


Warp-knitted fabric


The yarn may also zigzag along the length of the fabric, requiring a number of separate strands of yarn ("ends") equal to the number of stitches in a row.

 III 2.1 Tricot Tricot is the best known fabric produced this way. Whereas the right side has fine lengthwise rows, the other side has crosswise stiches


With Raschel knitting machines, a wide variety of fabrics is produced and a wide variety of yarns may be used. The best knows examples are laces.

See more:

Know your Knits from Threads Magazine 

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